The prehistoric spring is located in Morbihan near the town of Pontivy. 12
kilometres from Pontivy along the D 782 from Pontivy to Guemene, there is a
turning leading to the Kermore farm. GPS: Kermore, position: 48 05 23.7 N –
03 05 20.8 W.
The remarkable feature about Kermore is that megaliths were placed around a
spring in the Neolithic period. Neither is it a simple surround but consists
of several massive rocks which were wedged together with great precision. In
this way, three pools were created in which water collects.
The megaliths used to surround the spring weigh up to 6 tonnes and are
fitted together with gaps of no more than a few millimetres.
The “heart stone” has marks of being worked and a smoothed surface. The
“cover stone” lies on a layer of loam and stones. It weighs about 45 tonnes
and has a large hollow which forms a roof over the place where the spring
Hitherto the Kermore Stone Age spring has not been assigned to any known
category. It has been established that it is not a dolmen or a tumulus. The
method of construction indicates an age of 4000 to 6000 years.
As at many other megalith constructions, the efforts of other religions to
change or integrate the old holy places have not left the Kermore Stone Age
spring untouched. Just as crosses were placed on menhirs or tumuli “crowned”
with chapels, the water was taken from the Stone Age spring at Kermore.
About 7 metres from the left side of the Stone Age monument and one metre
deeper, there is another outflow from the spring that was dug more recently.
This “lower spring” served to supply drinking water to the Kermore farm and
the Kermore mill. The granite surround of the well is about 200 years old
and the “stone pyramid” directly above it was only built 40 years ago.
Another outflow from the spring that was not dug until the last century is
located above the Stone Age monument to the north-west, about 25 metres away.
The water from this spring was used for drinking water for the animals in
the field nearby.
So the original flow of water from the Stone Age spring was like that of a
small stream. Since the depth of the Stone Age spring is more than a metre
below the present groundwater level, it can be assumed to always have had
enough water. It is easily conceivable that the megalith construction was
used for ritual worship of water.
The pools formed by the megaliths to
retain the water are clearly visible. The path of smaller stones was made in
The hollow in the cover stone is 2.5 m wide and 1.50
m deep. The rock weighs about 45 tonnes and lies on a layer of loam and
stones, which supports the assumption that it was placed in position by
Parallel to the cover stone are megaliths weighing between
600 and 6000 kg which are wedged together. Between the stones flows the
water of a small spring.
The deliberate arrangement of the stones
creates several pools.
Overall view of the Stone Age monument
main stone / cover stone
View from above
In the direct vicinity of the monument
is another spring which was used to supply water to the nearby farms
“Heart stone” – a processed heart-shaped rock
To the left of the spring is a well made
more recently, which is accessed by stone steps.
the oak of Kermore is more than 300 years old
To the south-east on the other
side of the stream Fretu
and about 80 metres from the Stone Age spring
another group of megaliths.
Blasted rock. The hole made
for insertion of the explosive is clearly visible.
Side view of the group of
megaliths. In one of the cracks is the “woodman”, a dead tree trapped
between the megaliths.
In the middle of the 15-tonne rock is a groove that was
used for attachment of a rope.
Rectangular-shaped pit with “bordering stones”.
To the south-east on the other
side of the stream Fretu and about 80 metres from the Stone Age spring is
another group of megaliths. These heavy rocks also show traces of having
been worked by man. On two megaliths can be seen the typical grooves for
On the left of the megaliths, there are relatively small rocks weighing some
100 kg arranged around a rectangular-shaped pit, which is about 10 metres
long and 6 metres wide.
Part of the megalith formation has been destroyed by at least two explosions.
The holes made for blasting are still clearly visible. Since the holes
themselves were only very slightly damaged, it can be assumed that black
powder was used for blasting. “Blasting” with water / ice or vinegar is also
possible. Since the parts were not removed after being blasted off, the
rocks cannot have been blasted to obtain building material. Neither did the
megaliths obstruct a road of any kind.
So the reason for the
really quite elaborate blastings remains a mystery. The most likely
explanation is that the megaliths were seen as heathen relics in the Middle
Ages. Despite blasting, the megaliths are impressive in shape and size.
Visitors to the Kermore Stone Age spring should also take the time to look
at the megaliths.
Thumbs - high resolution pics
Drawing Competition Kermore 2009
The Spring of Kermore as the source of inspiration!
Take your inspiration from the spring of Kermore and
convert this to imaginative imagery. Maybe in your imagination you see a
Roman who sacrifices a few sesterces to the Gallo-Roman Goddess Sirona, or
maybe you see Stone Age man struggling at risk of his life to position
megalith blocks weighing tons around the spring? Or maybe you see a Breton
peasant holding his sick child in his arms who circles these stones three
times in order to transfer the natural energy of this place to his child;
the spring offers you very many fascinating motifs. How about a gathering of
Druids at the spring or perhaps the Spring of Kermore is surrounded in the
mystic mists of space and time, when fairies and magicians evoke the power
of the water and little korrigans happily run riot amongst the rocks. Just
put your impression on paper and create the mood. You can only win.
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